A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9

Illicit opioid use in Canada: comparing social, health, and drug use characteristics of untreated users in five cities (OPICAN study).

Fischer B, Rehm J, Brissette S, Brochu S, Bruneau J, El-Guebaly N, Noël L, Tyndall M, Wild C, Mun P, Baliunas D.
Literature Type:
Academic Literature
Journal, Vol, No, Page:
J Urban Health. 2005 Jun;82(2):250-66.
Source of Academic Literature:
  • Journal
Type of Academic Literature:
  • Journal Article
Funding Source:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research
  • Canada All
  • Ontario Urban/Other(Specify)
  • Ontario + other Canada
  • Toronto
  • Other
Which other/Specify other:
Vancouver, Edmonton, Toronto, Montreal, and Quebec City
First Author Discipline:
  • Public Health
  • Other (specify)
Which other/Specify other:
First Author Affiliation: University:
  • University of Toronto
  • Affiliation other than University(Specify)
Which other/Specify other:
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Type of Research:
  • Explorative/Descriptive/Experience-Based
Which other/Specify other :
semi structured interview questionnaire, saliva test, diagnostic form
Key Methods and Data Sources:
  • Longitudinal/Cohort
  • Mixed methods
  • Quantiative - collecting new data for the study
Sub-pop Experiencing Inequities:
  • Multiple
  • Other
Which other/Specify other:
opiod users- majority were not legally housed, had low sources of income (or illegal income sources), had more physical and mental health concerns
Keywords for Health Issue:
health outcomes associated with drug addiction
Health Outcomes:
  • Drugs (Substance abuse)
Health Equity/Inequity?:
  • Health Service Access
DOH Individual lifestyle, behaviour:
  • Substance abuse/alcohol
  • Other
Which other/Specify other:
sharing needles etc
Policy Implications:
"they are characterized by conditions of social marginalization as well as exposure to risk environments which have been demonstrated widely to be associated with inferior health status or outcomes." pg 12 The need for local needs based programs
Recommendations and/or Key Finding:
"five local opioid user samples assessed differ considerably on most key indicators evaluated in this study; this underlines the great need for locally accentuated and needs-based interventions." pg 9 Opiod users in Quebec tend to fare better
Located in: PHIRN Library